haemoglobin in the blood, which further lowers the already limited oxygen supply to the
body’s tissues in heart failure. Anaemia is typically caused by poor nutrition, chronic
kidney disease, inflammation, and certain medications used to treat heart failure.
Symptoms of anaemia in adults with heart failure can include fatigue, weakness, and
shortness of breath, increased heart rate, and chest pain. Treatment involves addressing
underlying causes, improving nutrition, and in some cases, iron supplementation to
increase red blood cell production. Close monitoring and coordination with healthcare
providers is important to manage both heart failure and anaemia in adults,
erythropoietin-stimulating agents has been considered alone or in combination with iron.
Available and emerging new agents in the treatment of anaemia of heart failure will need
to be tested in randomized, controlled studies.
Keywords: anaemia, adults, heart failure, haemoglobin, erythrocytes, iron.
HOW TO CITE
Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu, Maria Mudei Ali, Esther U. Alum, Getrude Uzoma Obeagu, P.C. Okechukwu Ugwu and Umi Omar Bunu (2023). An Update of Aneamia in Adults with Heart Failure. INOSR EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCES 11(2):1-16.