Antibiotics usage among Patients attending Dental Clinic at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda.


Bagalana George

Antibiotics are the most used medicines in dental practice and are used regularly for the
management of oral and dental infection that originates from odontogenic infections,
however there is inappropriate use of antibiotics that result into gastrointestinal
disturbances to fatal anaphylactic shock and development of resistance. The sampling was
done at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital (KIU-TH) employing simple
random sampling; informed consent was sought from the patient and health workers at the
dental clinic. Signs and symptoms obtained in dental cases tooth ache at 43.16% was the
most common symptom followed by painful chewing at 30.55% and others at 13.88%. The
most used antibiotics were amoxicillin at 45.83%, metronidazole at 26.4%, clindamycin at
12.5% and others. The indications of antibiotics was majorly for odontogenic infections at
41.67% followed by prophylaxis of local infection like tumor surgery, tooth extraction at
33.33% and prophylaxis of infective endocarditis. Some indications found in the study
include odontogenic infections, non odontogenic infections, prophylaxis of infective
endocarditis, prophylaxis of local infections where it also identifies common antibiotics used
such as amoxicillin, metronidazole, clindamycin, macrolides, among them and also the
symptoms such as painful chewing, fever, toothache and swollen gums which are tender.
Appropriate antibiotic and prescription of antibiotics by dentists is urgently needed in view
of the antibiotic resistance strains and occurrence of a biofilm of organisms in the oral cavity
while combination therapy also works. Dental Infections, should first receive the appropriate
local therapy with prevention which can sometimes be complemented with a systemic
treatment with antibiotics. 
Keywords: Odontogenic infections, Antibiotics, Dental infections, Amoxicillin,




Bagalana George (2023).Antibiotics usage among Patients attending Dental Clinic at Kampala
International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda. INOSR APPLIED SCIENCES 10(1):55-65.